Commonly used medical terms

cardiomegaly– enlarged heart

caudal– toward the tail

dysuria– painful or difficult urination

ectropion– turning out of the eyelid (usually the lower eyelid) so that the inner surface is exposed, resulting in dry, painful eyes and excess tearing of the eye (epiphora);

edema– abnormal accumulation of fluid beneath the skin or in one or more cavities of the body that produces swelling.

entropion– turning in of the edges of the eyelid (usually the lower eyelid) so that the lashes rub against the eye surface.

epiphora– excess tearing of the eye

epistaxis– bleeding from the nose

erythema– redness of the skin

exopthalmia– protruding or bulging eyeballs

halitosis– foul-smelling breath

hematuria– blood in the urine

hyphema– Bleeding in the front portion of the eye

hypoalbuminemia– levels of albumin in blood serum are abnormally low.

hypocalcemia– low serum calcium levels in the blood

hypokalemia– lower-than-normal amount of potassium in the blood.

hyponatremia– a metabolic condition in which there is not enough sodium (salt) in the body fluids outside the cells.

iritis– a form of anterior uveitis and refers to the inflammation of the iris of the eye.

keratitis– a condition in which the eye’s cornea, the front part of the eye, becomes inflamed.

keratoconjunctivitis sicca (kcs)-(dry eye syndrome), is a relatively common inflammatory condition characterized by inadequate tear film protection of the cornea.

microcardia– abnormal smallness of the heart.

osteomyelitis– an infection of the bone or bone marrow

otitis– ear infection

panosteitis– a painful condition that affects the cat’s long leg bones and is characterized by limping and lameness.  It can occur with any breed, but it is more common in medium- to large-sized cat breeds and young cats around 5 to 18 months in age.

pododermatitis-inflammatory (red, hot, painful) condition of the feet.

pollakiuria– abnormally frequent urination

pruritis– itching

pthisis bulbi– is a shrunken, non-functional eye that results from severe ocular disease, inflammation, or injury.

pyelonephritis– an ascending urinary tract infection that has reached the pyelum or pelvis of the kidney.

pyorrhea– Purulent inflammation of the gums and tooth sockets, often leading to loosening of the teeth.

renomegaly– enlargement of the kidney(s).

rostral- toward the nose

splenomegaly– enlargement of the spleen

spondylosis– stiffening of the spine as a result of disease.

spondylitis– inflammation of the vertebra

stranguria– straining to urinate

trichobezoar– hairball

uveitis– swelling and irritation of the uvea, the middle layer of the eye.


About debikm

I am a veterinary technician by day, a wannabe writer the rest of the time. Living in a fantasy world is one of my greatest pleasures. Too bad it doesn't pay the bills...
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